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Ringworm

Dermatophytid; Dermatophyte fungal infection - tinea; Tinea

Ringworm is a skin infection due to a fungus. Often, there are several patches of ringworm on the skin at once. The medical name for ringworm is tinea.

Causes

Ringworm is common, especially among children. But, it can affect people of all ages. It is caused by a fungus, not a worm like the name suggests.

Many bacteria, fungi, and yeast live on your body. Some of these are useful, while others can cause infections. Ringworm occurs when a type of fungus grows and multiplies on your skin.

Ringworm can spread from one person to another. You can catch ringworm if you touch someone who has the infection, or if you come in contact with items contaminated by the fungus, such as combs, unwashed clothing, and shower or pool surfaces. You can also catch ringworm from pets. Cats are common carriers.

The fungus that causes ringworm thrives in warm, moist areas. Ringworm is more likely when you are often wet (such as from sweating) and from minor injuries to your skin, scalp, or nails.

Ringworm can affect the skin on your:

References

Elewski BE, Hughey LC, Hunt KM, Hay RJ. Fungal diseases. In: Bolognia JL, Schaffer JV, Cerroni L, eds. Dermatology. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 77.

Hay RJ. Dermatophytosis (ringworm) and other superficial mycoses. In: Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, eds. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, Updated Edition. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2015:chap 268.

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    • Dermatitis - reaction to tinea

      Dermatitis - reaction to tinea

      illustration

    • Ringworm - tinea corporis on an infant's leg

      Ringworm - tinea corporis on an infant's leg

      illustration

    • Ringworm, tinea capitis - close-up

      Ringworm, tinea capitis - close-up

      illustration

    • Ringworm - tinea on the hand and leg

      Ringworm - tinea on the hand and leg

      illustration

    • Ringworm - tinea manuum on the finger

      Ringworm - tinea manuum on the finger

      illustration

    • Ringworm - tinea corporis on the leg

      Ringworm - tinea corporis on the leg

      illustration

    • Tinea (ringworm)

      Tinea (ringworm)

      illustration

      • Dermatitis - reaction to tinea

        Dermatitis - reaction to tinea

        illustration

      • Ringworm - tinea corporis on an infant's leg

        Ringworm - tinea corporis on an infant's leg

        illustration

      • Ringworm, tinea capitis - close-up

        Ringworm, tinea capitis - close-up

        illustration

      • Ringworm - tinea on the hand and leg

        Ringworm - tinea on the hand and leg

        illustration

      • Ringworm - tinea manuum on the finger

        Ringworm - tinea manuum on the finger

        illustration

      • Ringworm - tinea corporis on the leg

        Ringworm - tinea corporis on the leg

        illustration

      • Tinea (ringworm)

        Tinea (ringworm)

        illustration

       

      Review Date: 4/16/2019

      Reviewed By: Michael Lehrer, MD, Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Dermatology, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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